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Sara Cushing


Second Language Writing


Sara Cushing is a Professor of Applied Linguistics at Georgia State University. She received her Ph.D. in Applied Linguistics from UCLA.  She has published research in the areas of assessment, second language writing, and teacher education.  She has been invited to speak and conduct workshops on second language writing assessment throughout the world, most recently in Vietnam, Colombia, Thailand, and Norway.  Her current research focuses on assessing integrated skills and the use of automated scoring for second language writing.

Courses frequently taught:

AL 8240 General Linguistics
AL 8550 Second Language Evaluation and Assessment
AL 8530 Issues in Second Language Writing

Cushing, S. T. (2017). Corpus linguistics in language testing research (editorial). Language Testing, 34, 4, 441-449

East, M. & Weigle, S.C. (2016).  Innovation in rubric use: Exploring different dimensions (editorial).  Assessing Writing, 30, 1-2.

Weigle, S.C. & Friginal, E. (2015).  Linguistic dimensions of native speaker and non-native speaker academic writing in English: A comparison of writing tests and disciplinary writing. Journal of English for Academic Purposes, 18, 25-39.

Yang, W., Lu, X, & Weigle, S.C. (2015). Different topics, different discourse: Relationships among writing topic, measures of syntactic complexity, and judgments of writing quality. Journal of Second Language Writing, 28, 53-67.

Friginal, E., & Weigle, S. (2014). Exploring multiple profiles of L2 writing using multi-dimensional analysis. Journal of Second Language Writing, 26, 80-95.

Friginal, E., Li, M. & Weigle, S.C. (2014).  Revisiting multiple profiles of learner compositions: A comparison of highly rated NS and NNS essays.  Journal of Second Language Writing, 23, 1-14.

Weigle, S.C.  (2013). English language learners and automated scoring of essays: Critical considerations.  Assessing Writing, 18, 1, 85-99.

Weigle, S.C. & Parker, K. (2012).  Source text writing in an integrated reading/writing assessment.  Journal of Second Language Writing, 21, 2, 118-133.

Weigle, S.C. (2010).  Validation of automated scores of TOEFL iBT tasks against non-test indicators of writing ability.  Language Testing, 27, 3, 335-353.